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 SI-IND-700084-02

 GARIA SARBOJANIN DURGOTSAB
 [ GARIA MITALI SANGHA / GARIA NABADURGA / NABADURGA ]

 
 
Puja Type :   BAROARI
 
South Kolkata
GARIA
 
Year of initiation  1942  
 
Website :

 
 


HISTORY

The people of primitive age experienced the need of food for their survival and they invented cultivation of crops. In that process a sense of religion came into their mind. They started worshipping the Earth as the Mother goddess, the producer of crops and the food-grains. In the following ages she was named Dharitri, who is also named as Shakambhari, Durga, Annapurna or Annada, Basundhara etc. She is also named as Aditi, the mother of Sun because the Sun rises daily from the womb of the Mother Earth. She is then called Usha, the Goddess of light and the destroyer of darkness. Devi Durga is, thus, the Mother of the whole universe, who produces nourishment, destroys the darkness of the world and the demons and diminishes the distress and the deceases of all living creators of the whole world. From that concept the innumerable forms of images of the Mother Goddess, Durga, as written in our early religious book as in the Vedas, the Puranas Andas envisioned by the saints and the sages and given shapes by the artists and the sculptors for years together, we, like the previous years, picked-up9 (nine) of such idols and named them NAVA-DURGA this year too.


CHRONOLOGY

Theme : Devi Satakshi (Savior of the Universe)
  Durgam the mighty demon out-powered the Gods and forcibly stopped offerings of Ghee and milk in the Yagna. The gods were refrained from talking ghee, drinking milk and thus became weak. Taking that advantage Durgam derived away the gods from the Swarga. As a result of non-performance of Yagna there was no rain also and also and draught resulted. Many of the living creatures started dying. Then the gods and the people including the saints started prayer to the Mahasakti to appear to save them. She appeared in a new form with full of eyes on her body. The gods named Her Satakshi. She dropped water from those eyes sand the earth was dampened. The people then started cultivation and produced crops and corns to survive. She is said to be the spiritual guide of Harishchandra the king.
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Theme : Devi Sri Naini/Nagini (Goddess of fertility)
  This idol was found in Satna of Madhya Pradesh. It is now preserved in the Indian Museum. We have modeled our idol on the basis of that idol. She resembles our Devi Manasa, the goddess of snakes. Snakes are considered to be the fertilizing agent and the force of the Earth and that is why snakes are there with our Goddess Durga and Kali. So she is also the Goddess Earth in other form.
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Theme : Devi Swaha (Diminishing sin, evils etc.)
  This idol was discovered from a big pond called Danteswar at Baroda. It is now preserved at the Museumand Picture Gallery at Baroda. In the Adya Storta She is named as one of innumerable names Mahashakti. It is said again that she is the mantra used to offer sacrifice in the fire. Agni or fire is present in all the gods. From the description of that idol we have modeled our idol.
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Theme : Devi Chandabega (The Killer of the Demon)
  In the wall of Bhramar Mandir near Chota Sadri at Rajasthan there is an inscription where this Devi is shown as riding on a chariot drawn by lion and killing a demon. From that inscription we, with a little variation for practical necessity, have modeled our idol. We known that Sri Sri Durga has two types of postures, one where She is in a fighting mood against the demons and the devils, ills and evils and the other where She is calm and pleasing offering abhya to all other.
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Theme : Devi Mahisasura mardini, the Main Idol (Customary)
 
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Theme : Devi Uma (The Mother of Universe)
  When Parvati intended to start hard penance to have Mahadeva as Her husband, Menoka, Her mother, forbade Her uttering Uma as U means Oh daughter and Ma means donít go for penance and that is why She was named Uma (KalikaPurana) and again it is said U means Shiva and Ma means Sri. She is the Sri of Lord Shiva, so She is Uma. She is described as the Shakti of Pashupatinath, being encircled by the beasts. From that description we have modeled our idol.
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Theme : Devi Panchatapa Parvati (The Mahashakti)
  This idol was discovered from the Gadarmas of the District Bidisha in Madhyapradesh. She, as Parvati is standing in trance there under this scorching Sun and lighting four fire-places around her to have Mahadev as Her husband. She is thus called Panchatapa Parvati. From that idea we modeled this idol. Here Mahashakti is in Trans to be combined with the Mahashaktiman, Lord Shiva.
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Theme : Devi Usha (Destroyer of Darkness)
  After Devi Dharitri She is also considered to be the Mother of the Universe of the Rigvedic age. She is the pre-dawn ray of the Sun really personifying dawn, a unique creation with a poetic beauty. She removes the tiredness of the like of darkness and death and gives life to all the beings of the world by spreading the light of new life. She as the Mahasakti is the combination of Saraswati, Aditi and Ambika etc. From that idea or saying we modeled this idol with a little variation for practical purpose.
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Theme : Devi Dhatri (Creator of the Universe)
  She is the goddess of The Rigvedic age. It is said, when the Earth faces famine due to draught, She saves the lives of all the beings in the world by producing crops and corns from Her body. She is primarily associated with fertility and motherhood. She was worshipped in the Vedic age as Dhariti but in the Puranas she called Shakambhari. She is also known and called as Aditi, the mother of the Sun as the Sun or Aditya rises up daily from the body of the Earth. From that idea or saying we modeled this idol-roots and crops sprouting out of her body.
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AWARDS

Year Awards  
     

 


 

ORGANIZER

Name : Dilu Biswas - Secretary
Address : GARIA MAIN ROAD , KOLKATA 700 084

 

 

 

 


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